Shevat 20, 5762 / Feb 2, 2002
Shevat 26, 5765 / Feb 5, 2005
Shevat 26, 5768 / Feb 2, 2008
Shevat 24 5771 / Jan 29, 2011
Shevat 24 5774 / Jan 25, 2014
Shevat 22 5777 / Feb 18, 2017
Shevat 20 5780 / Feb 15, 2020
These are the Names
SCRIPTURES should be read first
(V.1-7) God chose something small –
the twelve sons of Jacob who became seventy descendents – and made something
“exceedingly mighty” out of it – the Hebrews “filled the land,” even though
their lives were very difficult in slavery. Is this not a clear picture of His
church, from its beginning? As the Hebrews were delivered from Egyptian bondage
through Moses, so we will be delivered from this world of sin through Yeshua.
“These are the names”:
Reuben – “Behold, a son!”
“Behold, . . . the
Son of Man” – Acts 7:56.
Simeon – “Hear!” (From “Sh’ma” –
“Every soul that
does not hear that prophet (Yeshua) shall be utterly destroyed from among
– Acts 3:23.
Levi – “Attachment”
“Use your freedom
. . . as bond-servants of God” – 1 Peter 2:16.
Judah – “Praiser of Yahweh”
“If these (praisers
of Yeshua) become silent, the stones will cry out!” – Luke 19:40.
Issachar – “Hired One”
“Make me as one of
your hired men” – Luke 15:19.
Zebulun – “Haven of the Sea”
“Do not harm the
earth or the sea . . . until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God”
– Revelation 7:3.
Benjamin – “Son of My Right Hand”
who is at the right hand of God” – 1 Peter 3:22.
Dan – “Judge”
“Behold, the Judge
is standing right at the door” – James 5:9.
Naphtali – “My Wrestling”
“For we wrestle
not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against
the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual
forces of wickedness in the heavenly places” –
– Ephesians 6:12
Gad – “Fortune”
“For Yahweh their
God will care for them And restore their fortune” – Zephaniah 2:7.
Asher – “Happiness”
“Happy is he who
does not condemn himself” – Romans 14:22.
Joseph – “Increase”, the one who
was already in Egypt, who would receive a double portion.
“He must increase,
but I must decrease” John 3:30.
“May the Lord
cause you to increase and abound in love for one another” – 1 Thessalonians
The 400-year Egyptian exile is
counted from the birth of Isaac in AM 2048, to the exodus in AM 2448. Jacob’s
family went down to Egypt, during the famine, in AM 2238. Moses was born in AM
2366 – 318 years into the exile. Today’s portion covers almost 200 years, late
in the 400-year exile.
(V.6) And Joseph died, and all his
brothers and all that generation.
All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them
and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were
strangers and exiles on the earth. 14 For those who say such things
make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own. 15 And
indeed if they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they
would have had opportunity to return. 16 But as it is, they desire a
better country, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be
called their God; for He has prepared a city for them.
In verses 8-11, we see a forerunner
to Hitler’s “final solution”. The Pharaoh didn’t want to lose the benefits of
Hebrew labor, but he wanted to make certain that the Hebrew’s couldn’t become a
power against his authority. His first stage was to commit them to hard forced
labor. When they only increased more rapidly, he ordered the midwives to kill
any boys as they were born. When that failed, his third stage was to have every
baby boy cast into the Nile – that is, given to their major god. Perhaps this
appeasement of their god would make this plan work?
Today, we tend to be caught up in the
work that the world requires of us in order for us to live like our neighbors,
to the extent that spiritual growth is left out. When that fails to stop us, our
children are offered to the idols of sin. But God will prevail in bringing His
sheep out of Egypt.
The Haftarah fits here:
In the days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will blossom and
sprout; and they will fill the whole world with fruit (Isaiah 27:6).
For several chapters of Genesis, we
saw how Joseph prophetically pictured Yeshua. Now we will see how Moses takes up
the prophetic picturing. (We say that Moses was a prophetic type – he typified
As a baby, Moses lived to fulfill
God’s plan, though the Pharaoh of Egypt had ordered all the sons of Israel to be
killed at birth. Moses was raised in an Egyptian household.
Likewise Yeshua, as a baby, lived to
fulfill God’s plan, though King Herod ordered that all the male children around
Bethlehem be killed. Yeshua was secreted away to Egypt.
God called Moses out of Egypt
(v.3:10). God said of Yeshua, “Out of Egypt have I called My Son” (Matthew
(Chapter 2) Moses means “drawn from
water”, yet Moses was not allowed to enter Canaan because of a sin involving
And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
"Take the rod; and you and your brother Aaron assemble the congregation and
speak to the rock before their eyes, that it may yield its water. You shall thus
bring forth water for them out of the rock and let the congregation and their
beasts drink." So Moses took the rod from before Yahweh, just as He had
commanded him; and Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly before the rock. And he
said to them, "Listen now, you rebels; shall we bring forth water for you out of
this rock?" Then Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock twice with his
rod; and water came forth abundantly, and the congregation and their beasts
drank. But Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, "Because you have not believed Me, to
treat Me as holy in the sight of the sons of Israel, therefore you shall not
bring this assembly into the land which I have given them." (Numbers 20:7-12)
At the end of this chapter, we read
familiar words: “Elohim zachar” – the Creator-Judge remembered – He remembered
His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. This does not imply that God
forgets, as a man does, but that now the time had come for Him to act upon His
We presently live in exile in
“Egypt”, the world of sin. But we are partakers of the Abrahamic Covenant
(Ephesians 2:12-3:9). Therefore, we are to look forward to, and prepare for, the
heavenly city, which will come down to a renewed earth. There Yeshua will dwell
Psalm 41 readily fits both Moses and
Yeshua: (v.1-2) How blessed is he who considers the helpless; Yahweh will
deliver him in a day of trouble. Yahweh will protect him, and keep him alive,
and he shall be called blessed upon the earth. Moses was willing to give his
life for God’s helpless people; Yeshua did.
Paul quotes God, saying, (2
Corinthians 6:2) “At the acceptable time I listened to you, and on the day of
salvation I helped you”; behold, now is “the acceptable time,” behold, now is
“the day of salvation.”(V.4) In everything
commending ourselves as servants of God, in much endurance, in afflictions, in
hardships, in distresses . . .
Moses was coming to “the day of
salvation” – this is the prelude to the Passover. This was his “acceptable
time”. He would have to endure afflictions and hardships.
This is our “day of salvation”. Now
is “the acceptable time”. We must learn to serve God, though it be through
affliction and hardship. We must be willing to give up the “pleasures of sin for
a season” and hold the ultimate goal before us.
We should maintain purity, the Word
of Truth, and genuine love (v.6-7). Maintaining purity is about being holy to
God – separated from the world for His service. The Word of Truth is not subject
to “private interpretation” (1 Peter 1:20): not denominational dogma or personal
feelings; we must seek the historical truth. Genuine love is not just being
lovey-dovey, condoning freedom-of-choice, one-religion-is-as-good-as-another, or
accepting false worship “to gain converts”; it is doing what will lead others
toward Godliness, to repentance from dead works, and faith in the Living God.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
1 Now these are the names of the sons of
Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one with
his household: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah;
3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4
Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the
persons who came from the loins of Jacob were seventy in
number, but Joseph was already in Egypt. 6 Joseph
died, and all his brothers and all that generation. 7
But the sons of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly,
and multiplied, and became exceedingly mighty, so that the
land was filled with them.
Reader 2* Amen.
8 Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.
9 He said to his people, "Behold, the people of the sons of Israel
are more and mightier than we. 10 "Come, let us deal wisely with
them, or else they will multiply and in the event of war, they will also join
themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and depart from the land."
11 So they appointed taskmasters over them to afflict them with hard
labor. And they built for Pharaoh storage cities, Pithom and Raamses. 12
But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they
spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel. 13 The
Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel to labor rigorously; 14 and
they made their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all
kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously imposed on
Reader 3* Amen.
15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, one of
whom was named Shiphrah and the other was named Puah; 16 and he said,
"When you are helping the Hebrew women to give birth and see them upon the
birthstool, if it is a son, then you shall put him to death; but if it is a
daughter, then she shall live." 17 But the midwives feared God, and
did not do as the king of Egypt had commanded them, but let the boys live.
18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, "Why
have you done this thing, and let the boys live?" 19 The midwives
said to Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for
they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife can get to them." 20
So God was good to the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very
Reader 4* Amen.
21 Because the midwives feared God, He established households
for them. 22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every
son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to
2:1 Now a man from the house of
Levi went and married a daughter of Levi. 2 The woman conceived and
bore a son; and when she saw that he was beautiful, she hid him for three
months. 3 But when she could hide him no longer, she got him a wicker
basket and covered it over with tar and pitch. Then she put the child into it
and set it among the reeds by the bank of the Nile. 4 His sister
stood at a distance to find out what would happen to him.
Reader 5* Amen.
5 The daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the Nile, with
her maidens walking alongside the Nile; and she saw the basket among the reeds
and sent her maid, and she brought it to her. 6 When she opened it,
she saw the child, and behold, the boy was crying. And she had pity on him and
said, "This is one of the Hebrews' children." 7 Then his sister said
to Pharaoh's daughter, "Shall I go and call a nurse for you from the Hebrew
women that she may nurse the child for you?" 8 Pharaoh's daughter
said to her, "Go ahead." So the girl went and called the child's mother. 9
Then Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take this child away and nurse him for me
and I will give you your wages." So the woman took the child and nursed him.
10 The child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter and he
became her son. And she named him Moses, and said, "Because I drew him out of
Reader 6* Amen.
11 Now it came about in those days, when Moses had grown up,
that he went out to his brethren and looked on their hard labors; and he saw an
Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his brethren. 12 So he looked this
way and that, and when he saw there was no one around, he struck down the
Egyptian and hid him in the sand. 13 He went out the next day, and
behold, two Hebrews were fighting with each other; and he said to the offender,
"Why are you striking your companion?" 14 But he said, "Who made you
a prince or a judge over us? Are you intending to kill me as you killed the
Egyptian?" Then Moses was afraid and said, "Surely the matter has become known."
15 When Pharaoh heard of this matter, he tried to kill Moses. But
Moses fled from the presence of Pharaoh and settled in the land of Midian, and
he sat down by a well.
Reader 7* Amen.
16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came
to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 17
Then the shepherds came and drove them away, but Moses stood up and helped them
and watered their flock. 18 When they came to Reuel their father, he
said, "Why have you come back so soon today?" 19 So they said, "An
Egyptian delivered us from the hand of the shepherds, and what is more, he even
drew the water for us and watered the flock." 20 He said to his
daughters, "Where is he then? Why is it that you have left the man behind?
Invite him to have something to eat." 21 Moses was willing to dwell
with the man, and he gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses. 22 Then she
gave birth to a son, and he named him Gershom, for he said, "I have been a
sojourner in a foreign land." 23 Now it came about in the course of
those many days that the king of Egypt died. And the sons of Israel sighed
because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry for help because of
their bondage rose up to God. 24 So God heard their groaning; and God
remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 25 God saw
the sons of Israel, and God took notice of them.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Reader 8* Amen.
In the days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will blossom and sprout;
and they will fill the whole world with fruit.
Reader 9* Amen.
1 The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who
were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, 2 to whom the word of
Yahweh came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the
thirteenth year of his reign. 3 It came also in the days of Jehoiakim
the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah
the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the exile of Jerusalem in the fifth
month. 4 Now the word of Yahweh came to me saying, 5
"Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I
consecrated you; I have appointed you a prophet to the nations." 6
Then I said, "Alas, Lord Yahweh! Behold, I do not know how to speak, because I
am a youth." 7 But Yahweh said to me, "Do not say, 'I am a youth,'
because everywhere I send you, you shall go, and all that I command you, you
shall speak. 8 "Do not be afraid of them, for I am with you to
deliver you," declares Yahweh. 9 Then Yahweh stretched out His hand
and touched my mouth, and Yahweh said to me, "Behold, I have put My words in
your mouth. 10 "See, I have appointed you this day over the nations
and over the kingdoms, to pluck up and to break down, to destroy and to
overthrow, to build and to plant."
Reader 10* Amen.
11 The word of Yahweh came to me saying, "What do you see,
Jeremiah?" And I said, "I see a rod of an almond tree." 12 Then
Yahweh said to me, "You have seen well, for I am watching over My word to
perform it." 13 The word of Yahweh came to me a second time saying,
"What do you see?" And I said, "I see a boiling pot, facing away from the
north." 14 Then Yahweh said to me, "Out of the north the evil will
break forth on all the inhabitants of the land. 15 "For, behold, I am
calling all the families of the kingdoms of the north," declares Yahweh; "and
they will come and they will set each one his throne at the entrance of the
gates of Jerusalem, and against all its walls round about and against all the
cities of Judah. 16 "I will pronounce My judgments on them concerning
all their wickedness, whereby they have forsaken Me and have offered sacrifices
to other gods, and worshiped the works of their own hands. 17 "Now,
gird up your loins and arise, and speak to them all which I command you. Do not
be dismayed before them, or I will dismay you before them. 18 "Now
behold, I have made you today as a fortified city and as a pillar of iron and as
walls of bronze against the whole land, to the kings of Judah, to its princes,
to its priests and to the people of the land. 19 "They will fight
against you, but they will not overcome you, for I am with you to deliver you,"
Reader 11* Amen.
1 Then the word of Yahweh came to me, saying, 2
"Son of man, make known to Jerusalem her abominations 3 and say,
'Thus says Lord Yahweh to Jerusalem, "Your origin and your birth are from the
land of the Canaanite, your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.
4 As for your birth, on the day you were born your navel cord was not
cut, nor were you washed with water for cleansing; you were not rubbed with salt
or even wrapped in cloths. 5 No eye looked with pity on you to do any
of these things for you, to have compassion on you. Rather you were thrown out
into the open field, for you were abhorred on the day you were born. 6
When I passed by you and saw you squirming in your blood, I said to you while
you were in your blood, 'Live!' Yes, I said to you while you were in your blood,
'Live!' 7 I made you numerous like plants of the field. Then you grew
up, became tall and reached the age for fine ornaments; your breasts were formed
and your hair had grown. Yet you were naked and bare.
Reader 12* Amen.
8 Then I passed by you and saw you, and behold, you were at
the time for love; so I spread My skirt over you and covered your nakedness. I
also swore to you and entered into a covenant with you so that you became Mine,"
declares Lord Yahweh. 9 "Then I bathed you with water, washed off
your blood from you and anointed you with oil. 10 I also clothed you
with embroidered cloth and put sandals of porpoise skin on your feet; and I
wrapped you with fine linen and covered you with silk. 11 I adorned
you with ornaments, put bracelets on your hands and a necklace around your neck.
12 I also put a ring in your nostril, earrings in your ears and a
beautiful crown on your head. 13 Thus you were adorned with gold and
silver, and your dress was of fine linen, silk and embroidered cloth. You ate
fine flour, honey and oil; so you were exceedingly beautiful and advanced to
royalty. 14 Then your fame went forth among the nations on account of
your beauty, for it was perfect because of My splendor which I bestowed on you,"
declares Lord Yahweh.
Reader 13* Amen.
15 "But you trusted in your beauty and played the harlot
because of your fame, and you poured out your harlotries on every passer-by who
might be willing. 16 You took some of your clothes, made for yourself
high places of various colors and played the harlot on them, which should never
come about nor happen. 17 You also took your beautiful jewels made of
My gold and of My silver, which I had given you, and made for yourself male
images that you might play the harlot with them. 18 Then you took
your embroidered cloth and covered them, and offered My oil and My incense
before them. 19 Also My bread which I gave you, fine flour, oil and
honey with which I fed you, you would offer before them for a soothing aroma; so
it happened," declares Lord Yahweh. 20 "Moreover, you took your sons
and daughters whom you had borne to Me and sacrificed them to idols to be
devoured. Were your harlotries so small a matter?” ’ ”
Psalm 41 (To be sung.) For
the choir director. A Psalm of David.
1 How blessed is he who
considers the helpless; Yahweh will deliver him in a day of trouble. 2
Yahweh will protect him and keep him alive, and he shall be called blessed upon
the earth; and do not give him over to the desire of his enemies. 3
Yahweh will sustain him upon his sickbed; in his illness, You restore him to
health. 4 As for me, I said, "O Yahweh, be gracious to me; heal my
soul, for I have sinned against You." 5 My enemies speak evil against
me, "When will he die, and his name perish?" 6 And when he comes to
see me, he speaks falsehood; his heart gathers wickedness to itself; when he
goes outside, he tells it. 7 All who hate me whisper together against
me; against me they devise my hurt, saying, 8 "A wicked thing is
poured out upon him, that when he lies down, he will not rise up again." 9
Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted up his heel
against me. 10 But You, O Yahweh, be gracious to me and raise me up,
that I may repay them. 11 By this I know that You are pleased with
me, because my enemy does not shout in triumph over me. 12 As for me,
You uphold me in my integrity, and You set me in Your presence forever. 13
Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. Amen and
2 Corinthians 6:1-10
Reader 14* Amen.
1 And working together with Him, we also urge you not to
receive the grace of God in vain-- 2 for He says, "At the accepablr
time I listened to you, and on the day of salvation I helped you." Behold, now
is "the acceptable time," behold, now is "the day of salvation" – 3
giving no cause for offense in anything, so that the ministry will not be
discredited, 4 but in everything commending ourselves as servants of
God, in much endurance, in afflictions, in hardships, in distresses, 5
in beatings, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in sleeplessness, in
hunger, 6 in purity, in knowledge, in patience, in kindness, in the
Holy Spirit, in genuine love, 7 in the word of truth, in the power of
God; by the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and the left, 8
by glory and dishonor, by evil report and good report; regarded as deceivers and
yet true; 9 as unknown yet well-known, as dying yet behold, we live;
as punished yet not put to death, 10 as sorrowful yet always
rejoicing, as poor yet making many rich, as having nothing yet possessing all
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."